Tunisia is the northernmost African country which is bounded by Algeria to the west and southwest, by Libya to the southeast, and by the Mediterranean Sea to the east and north. It covers 165,000 square kilometres (64,000 square miles).The population is a little over 10.9. The capital is Tunis which is located in the north-east of the country. Tunisia  has played a crucial role in history as it included the archaeological Carthage and later the Roman Africa Province.

It seems that human rights issues in Tunis are contradictory and unobvious. To illustrate, in the wake of the Tunisian revolution that occurred in January 2011, the longstanding dictatorship of Zine El Abidine Ben Ali was overthrown. While the immediate months after the revolution were characterized by significant improvements in the status of human rights, some of those advances have since been reversed.

Prison conditions in Tunisia have long been known as dire and improper, with overcrowding and violence among the major problems. “Hygiene was extremely poor, and prisoners rarely had access to showers and washing facilities,” according to a U.S. State Department report issued in early 2011

According to Post-revolutionary press laws, they are considerably more liberal than the legislation they replaced. While it is no longer a crime to defame or offend public officials or institutions, defamation in general remains a crime, although one that is not punishable by imprisonment.

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