Senegal is a country in West Africa . It is located at the westernmost point of the continent and served by multiple breaths of air and maritime travel routes, Senegal is known as the “Gateway to Africa.” The country lies at an ecological boundary where semiarid grassland, oceanfront, and tropical rainforest converge; this diverse environment has endowed Senegal with a wide variety of plant and animal life.

Senegal is a country of ethnic and religious diversity, which has a cosmopolitan outlook on issues. It has, on the whole, a tradition of pluralism, with a highly-organized civil society, including trade unionists, students, academics and other professionals.

With respect to the Country Report on Human Rights Report Practices (2017), the constitution and law prohibit torture and other inhuman treatment and punishment. However, there are differences between what the law says and what is being practiced. Human rights organizations have noted examples of physical abuse committed by law enforcement, including excessive use of force as well as cruel and degrading treatment in prisons and detention facilities. 

In view of the Senegalese constitution, women and men are equal, but traditional values and customs prevent real development of women’s rights. Women also do not have the same rights to inheritance and land/property ownership. Efforts should be made to put the constitution into practice and the traditional laws abolished.

According to Amnesty Report (2018), there is no freedom of expression in Senegal. Journalists, artists, social media users and others who expressed dissent were arbitrarily arrested.

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